Yurts have been around for centuries in Central Asia, practically in the same form they exist in today.
These structures have been providing the Mongolian nomads with a moveable yet sturdy home that allows them to relocate whenever they want.
The design and structure of the yurt make it possible for its inhabitants to withstand any type of climate, whether it was extreme cold or extreme heat.
Although several countries claim that the yurts originated in their lands, it’s still mostly associated with Mongolia, since the famous Genghis Khan led his entire empire from a yurt.
Today, over 60% of Mongolia’s population still live in yurts, choosing to have a more communal lifestyle rather than traditional city life.
The Structure and Design of the Yurt
Each part of the yurt was designed with efficiency and durability in mind.
Because the Mongolian nomads moved frequently, the materials that made up the yurts needed to be light and easily taken apart, all while not compromising the safety of its inhabitants.
The main yurt structure is designed using a series of intricate wooden frameworks.
The wooden lattice structures are divided into sections called the khana, which is a collapsible sequence of crisscrossed wooden poles. To make moving easier, the poles are made out of light wood, such as birch or willow.
The most complex part of the yurt is the roots, which are referred to as the crown.
The crown is the ring found at the top of the yurt and holds together the roof poles. It’s partially open which allows air to circulate and the chimney to penetrate the structure.
The material that is secured over the wooden latticework is made out of felt. Sheep wool is crushed and made into wool, forming a solid cloth to cover the yurt. Most yurts have three to five layers of felt, with the outer layer being waterproof.
Yurt Maintenance Tips
Yurt homes are relatively easy to care for, and with the proper maintenance, you can have a yurt that lasts decades.
The life of the yurt canvas can be prolonged by having proper heat and ventilation sources. Excess condensation can cause mold to start growing on the damp canvas, so be sure to allow fresh air into the yurt regularly.
You can also heat your yurt a little more to avoid having condensation buildup on the canvas during the colder months.
To protect the appearance and integrity of the fabric, remove any dirt or soiling that you notice immediately. You can clean the canvas by either brushing it with warm water or using a power washer.
As for the wooden framework, consider painting a coat of oil on the wooden poles once a year to keep the wood in good condition, especially in areas with harsh climates.
When You Should Consider Replacing Parts of Your Yurt
Sometimes, the cost of repairs of yurt parts surpasses the cost of a complete replacement.
If you notice that your canvas has become dirty or turned green, you can either brush the fabric with water or power wash it, followed by a treatment of water repellent.
However, this procedure can end up costing more than a canvas replacement if done several times in a span of a few years.
Keeping your yurt dry is incredibly important, so be sure to check for any leaks coming from the toono, doors, windows, and the base of the yurt. If you notice any water leakage, it’s best to replace the caulking and seal the tops and slides of the windows and doors.
Depending on the region, you may need to have the door of your yurt replaced every few years. Areas with extreme weather tend to take a toll on your door, which can cause leaks and let in cold air if not fixed or replaced.
Another yurt part that needs to be replaced is the dome. Although the acrylic used is tough, it can crack or get damaged under certain weather conditions. The good news is that the dome only needs to be replaced every 9-10 years.
Mongolian Yurt Parts at Groovy Yurts
Taking care of your yurt and performing the necessary maintenance helps ensure that your structure stays in great condition for years to come.
Whether you’re looking to replace a small piece of your yurt or taking on a much bigger project, Groovy Yurts has all the tools and parts you need.
Get in touch with us today to learn more about how we can make replacement parts for your yurt so that you can enjoy your new home for years on end.